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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

252

The Loom of Language

Romance languages other than French render TH by T, RH by R
and Y by I, as in the Spanish words fotografia, teatro, diarrea, sintoma
Many words of Greek origin can be recognized at sight by their
prefixes, of which the following are specially important. Of the examples
given, the first of each pair is literary, the second a product of the new
technical humanism.

amphi-
	both or around
	as in
	amphitheatre^
	amphibious

a- or an-
	not
	as in
	amnesty,
	amorphous

ana-
	back) again,
	as in
	anachronism^
	anabolism

anti-
	against
	as in
	antithesis^
	antiseptic

apo-
	away
	as in
	apostasy^
	apogamy

auto-
	by itself
	as in
	autocrat^
	auto-erotic

dia-
	through
	as in
	diagonal^
	dia-magnetic

dys-
	bad
	as in
	dysgenic.
	dyspepsia

ec-, ex-
	from, out of
	as in
	exodus^
	ecdysi*.

endo-
	within
	as in
	endogenous^
	endometnum

epi-
	upon
	as in
	epigram.
	epidiascope

eu-
	good
	as in
	eulogy.
	eugenic.

hemi-
	half
	as in
	hemisphere,
	hemicycle

hetero-
	different
	as in
	heterodox,
	heterodyne

homo-
	same
	as in
	homophone,
	homosexual

hyper-
	above
	as in
	hyperbole,
	hypertrophy

hypo-
	below
	as in
	hypothesis,
	hypophosphate

iso-
	equal
	as in
	isosceles,
	isomer

kata-
	dozun
	as in
	catastrophe,
	catalysis

meta-
	after
	as in
	metaphysics,
	metabolism.

neo-
	new
	as in
	neologism,
	neon

palaeo-
	old
	as in
	palaeography,
	palaeolithic

pan-
	all
	as in
	pantheism,
	panchromatic

para-
	beside
	as in
	paradox.
	parameter

pen-
	around
	as in
	periphrasis,
	periscope

poly-
	many
	as in
	polytheism,
	polydactyly

pro-
	before
	as in
	prologue,
	prognosis

proto-
	first
	as in
	protocol,
	protoplasm

pseudo-
	false
	as in
	pseudonym,
	pseudopodium

syn-, sym-
	together
	as in
	synchronous,
	symbiosis.

To these we should add the numeral prefixes mono- (i) as monogamy,
di (2), tn- (3), tetra- (4), penta (5), hexa- (6), in tripod, tetrahedron,
pentagon, hexagon; hepta- (7) as in heptameter, octo- (8), as in octopus
and octagon* deka- (10), as in decalogue, kilo- (1000) in kilometer or
hlogram. One of the foregoing prefixes, ex- or ec- is like its Latin equiva-
lent and is not diagnostic. So also is pro- The only outstanding Greek
suffixes are -ic or -ics in dialectic and mathematics, with the derivative
-ical and -ism, e g in theism. The last exhibit in the language museum